SpeM: Additional Information


  • O. Scharenborg, D. Norris, L. ten Bosch & J.M. McQueen (2005). How should a speech recognizer work? Cognitive Science, 29:6, 867-918. Download

Unigram language models in SpeM

  • O. Scharenborg & S. Seneff (2005). A two-pass strategy for handling OOVs in a large vocabulary recognition task. Proceedings of Interspeech, Lisbon, Portugal, pp. 1669-1672. Download
  • O. Scharenborg, S. Seneff & L. Boves (2007). A two-pass approach for handling out-of-vocabulary words in a large vocabulary recognition task. Computer Speech and Language, 21 (1), 206-218. Download


  • Glass, J.R., A probabilistic framework for segment-based speech recognition, Computer Speech and Language, 17, 137-152, 2003.
  • Norris, D., Shortlist: A connectionist model of continuous speech recognition, Cognition, 52, 189-234, 1994.
  • Steinbiss, V., Ney, H., Haeb-Umbach, R., Tran, B.-H., Essen, U., Kneser, R., Oerder, M., Meier, H.-G., Aubert, X., Dugast, C., Geller, D., The Philips research system for large-vocabulary continuous speech recognition. Proceedings of Eurospeech, Berlin, Germany. pp. 2125-2128, 1993.
  • Young, S., Evermann, G., Kershaw, D., Moore, G., Odell, J., Ollason, D., Povey, D., Valtchev, V., Woodland, P., The HTK book (for HTK version 3.2). Technical Report, Cambridge University, Engineering Department, 2002.